REVISIÓN DE TÉCNICAS DE SISTEMAS DE VISIÓN ARTIFICIAL PARA LA INSPECCIÓN DE PROCESOS DE SOLDADURA TIPO GMAW

Erik Donaldo Lambraño García, José Luis Lázaro Plata, José Luis Lázaro Plata, Alfredo Emilio Trigos Quintero, Alfredo Emilio Trigos Quintero

Resumen


El proceso de soldadura GMAW es ampliamente estudiado debido a su alta productividad y bajo costo. En este trabajo se han revisado las investigaciones orientadas a la inspección del proceso de GMAW a través de sistemas de visión artificial con el objetivo de establecer los principales elementos utilizados en estos sistemas destacando dos categorías: métodos computacionales (software y algoritmos generales), materiales y modelos matemáticos (métodos estadísticos y numéricos). Estas categorías se traslapan en el estudio y se han utilizado para evaluar el costo en términos de recursos humanos y recursos económicos. Las investigaciones revisadas se desarrollaron en la última década, con la excepción de algunas investigaciones que desempeñaron un papel principal en el desarrollo de los sistemas de inspección de los procesos GMAW. Finalmente, se han destacado los posibles campos de investigación para aquellos que intentan explorar sistemas de visión artificial para inspección de procesos GMAW.

Palabras clave: GMAW, soldadura, visión artificial, inspección.


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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24054/16927257.v29.n29.2017.2486

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